Prepare to deploy Kubernetes clusters

To create Kubernetes clusters, Konvoy uses Cluster API (CAPI) controllers. These controllers run on a Kubernetes cluster. To get started, you need a bootstrap cluster. By default, Konvoy creates a bootstrap cluster for you in a Docker container using the Kubernetes-in-Docker (KIND) tool.


Before you begin, you must:

  • Complete the steps in Prerequisites.
  • Ensure the dkp binary can be found in your $PATH.

Bootstrap Cluster Lifecycle Services

  1. If an HTTP proxy is required for the bootstrap cluster, set the local http_proxy, https_proxy, and no_proxy environment variables. They are copied into the bootstrap cluster.

  2. Create a bootstrap cluster:

    dkp create bootstrap --kubeconfig $HOME/.kube/config
    INFO[2021-08-25T13:43:50-32:00] Creating bootstrap cluster                    src="bootstrap/bootstrap.go:143"
    INFO[2021-08-25T13:43:52-07:00] Initializing bootstrap controllers            src="bootstrap/controllers.go:96"
    INFO[2021-08-25T13:44:29-07:00] Created bootstrap controllers                 src="bootstrap/controllers.go:101"
    INFO[2021-08-25T13:44:29-07:00] Waiting for bootstrap controllers to be ready  src="bootstrap/controllers.go:104"
    INFO[2021-08-25T13:44:39-07:00] Bootstrap controllers are ready               src="bootstrap/controllers.go:109"
    INFO[2021-08-25T13:44:39-07:00] Patching ClusterRoleBinding for CAPPP         src="bootstrap/controllers.go:112"
    INFO[2021-08-25T13:44:39-07:00] Initializing Tigera operator                  src="bootstrap/clusterresourceset.go:37"
    INFO[2021-08-25T13:44:39-07:00] Created Tigera operator                       src="bootstrap/clusterresourceset.go:42"
    INFO[2021-08-25T13:44:39-07:00] Initializing Calico installation              src="bootstrap/clusterresourceset.go:44"
    INFO[2021-08-25T13:44:40-07:00] Created Calico Installation                   src="bootstrap/clusterresourceset.go:49"
    INFO[2021-08-25T13:44:40-07:00] Initializing AWS EBS CSI CustomResourceSet    src="bootstrap/clusterresourceset.go:109"
    INFO[2021-08-25T13:44:40-07:00] Created AWS EBS CSI CustomResourceSet         src="bootstrap/clusterresourceset.go:114"
    INFO[2021-08-25T13:44:40-07:00] Initializing Local Volume Provisioner CustomResourceSet  src="bootstrap/clusterresourceset.go:116"
    INFO[2021-08-25T13:44:40-07:00] Created Local Volume Provisioner CustomResourceSet  src="bootstrap/clusterresourceset.go:121"
    INFO[2021-08-25T13:44:40-07:00] Initializing Cluster Autoscaler CustomResourceSet  src="bootstrap/clusterresourceset.go:181"
    INFO[2021-08-25T13:44:40-07:00] Created Cluster Autoscaler CustomResourceSet  src="bootstrap/clusterresourceset.go:186"
    INFO[2021-08-25T13:44:40-07:00] Initializing Node Feature Discovery CustomResourceSet  src="bootstrap/clusterresourceset.go:239"
    INFO[2021-08-25T13:44:40-07:00] Created Node Feature Discovery CustomResourceSet  src="bootstrap/clusterresourceset.go:244"
    INFO[2021-08-25T13:44:40-07:00] Initializing NVIDIA GPU Feature Discovery CustomResourceSet  src="bootstrap/clusterresourceset.go:297"
    INFO[2021-08-25T13:44:40-07:00] Created NVIDIA GPU Feature Discovery CustomResourceSet  src="bootstrap/clusterresourceset.go:302"

    Konvoy creates a bootstrap cluster using KIND as a library. Konvoy then deploys the following Cluster API providers on the cluster:

    Konvoy waits until the controller-manager and webhook deployments of these providers are ready. List these deployments using this command:

    kubectl get --all-namespaces deployments
    NAMESPACE                           NAME                                            READY   UP-TO-DATE   AVAILABLE   AGE
    capa-system                         capa-controller-manager                         1/1     1            1           2m22s
    capi-kubeadm-bootstrap-system       capi-kubeadm-bootstrap-controller-manager       1/1     1            1           2m26s
    capi-kubeadm-control-plane-system   capi-kubeadm-control-plane-controller-manager   1/1     1            1           2m25s
    capi-system                         capi-controller-manager                         1/1     1            1           2m26s
    cappp-system                        cappp-controller-manager                        1/1     1            1           2m21s
    cert-manager                        cert-manager                                    1/1     1            1           3m24s
    cert-manager                        cert-manager-cainjector                         1/1     1            1           3m24s
    cert-manager                        cert-manager-webhook                            1/1     1            1           3m24s

    Konvoy then creates additional resources for Cluster API to apply to every new cluster. The resources, called ClusterResourceSets, contain complete YAML manifests to deploy essential cluster applications, such as the Calico Container Networking Interface (CNI) implementation, and Container Storage Interface (CSI) implementations for various infrastructure APIs. List ClusterResourceSets using this command:

    kubectl get clusterresourceset
    NAME                                            AGE
    aws-ebs-csi                                     5m41s
    calico-installation-aws                         5m41s
    calico-installation-azure                       5m41s
    calico-installation-preprovisioned              5m41s
    calico-installation-preprovisioned-flatcar      5m41s
    cluster-autoscaler                              5m41s
    local-volume-provisioner                        5m41s
    node-feature-discovery                          5m41s
    nvidia-feature-discovery                        5m41s
    tigera-operator                                 5m41s

    A ClusterResourceSet object defines selectors that match against cluster labels, and a reference to a ConfigMap. The ConfigMap contains a YAML manifest. When a cluster with matching labels is created, the YAML manifest is applied to the cluster. The manifest is applied only once, when the cluster is created.

    For example, this is the aws-ebs-csi ClusterResourceSet, which is now deployed by Konvoy from the above actions:

    kind: ClusterResourceSet
      name: aws-ebs-csi
      - kind: ConfigMap
        name: aws-ebs-csi
      strategy: ApplyOnce

    Konvoy defines the selectors and sets the correct labels on the Cluster objects. For a more detailed explanation of how ClusterResourceSets work, see the Extension Proposal.