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Rook Ceph Configuration

This page contains information about configuring Rook Ceph in your DKP Environment.

The Ceph instance installed by DKP is intended only for use by the logging stack and velero platform applications.

If you have an instance of Ceph that is managed outside of the DKP lifecycle, see Bring Your Own Storage to DKP Clusters.

Components of a Rook Ceph Cluster

Ceph supports creating clusters in different modes as listed in CephCluster CRD - Rook Ceph Documentation. DKP, specifically is shipped with a PVC Cluster, as documented in PVC Storage Cluster - Rook Ceph Documentation. It is recommended to use the PVC mode to keep the deployment and upgrades simple and agnostic to technicalities with node draining.

Ceph cannot be your CSI Provisioner when installing in PVC mode as Ceph relies on an existing CSI provisioner to bind the PVCs created by it. It is possible to use Ceph as your CSI provisioner, but that is outside the scope of this document. If you have an instance of Ceph that acts as the CSI Provisoner, then it is possible to reuse it for your DKP Storage needs. See BYOS (Bring Your Own Storage) to DKP Clusters for information on reusing existing Ceph.

When you create AppDeployments for rook-ceph and rook-ceph-cluster platform applications results in the deployment of various components as listed in the following diagram:

Rook Ceph Cluster Components

Rook Ceph Cluster Components

Items highlighted in green are user-facing and configurable.

Please refer to Rook Ceph Storage Architecture and Ceph Architecture for an in-depth explanation of the inner workings of the components outlined in the above diagram.

For additional details about the data model, refer to the Rook Ceph Data Model page.

Resource Requirements

The following is a non-exhaustive list of the resource requirements for long running components of Ceph:





100m x # of mgr instances (default 2)

250m x # of mon instances (default 3)

250m x # of osd instances (default 4)

100m x # of crashcollector instances (Daemonset i.e., # of nodes)

250m x # of rados gateway replicas (default 2)

~2000m CPU


512Mi x # of mgr instances (default 2)

512Gi x # of mon instances (default 3)

1Gi x # of osd instances (default 4)

500Mi x # of rados gateway replicas (default 2)

~8Gi Memory


4 x 40Gi PVCs with Block mode for ObjectStorageDaemons

3 x 10Gi PVCs with Block or FileSystem mode for Mons


Your default StorageClass should support creation of PersistentVolumes that satisfy the PersistentVolumeClaims created by Ceph with volumeMode: Block.

Ceph Storage Configuration

Ceph is highly configurable and can support Replication or Erasure Coding to ensure data durability. DKP is configured to use Erasure Coding for maximum efficiency.

Primer on Replication Strategies

Replication and Erasure Coding are the two primary methods for storing data in a durable fashion in any distributed system.


  • For a replication factor of N, data has N copies (including the original copy)

  • Smallest possible replication factor is 2 (usually this means 2 storage nodes).

    • With replication factor of 2, data has 2 copies and this tolerates loss of one copy of data.

  • Storage efficiency : (1/N) * 100percentage. For example,

    • If N=2, then efficiency is 50%.

    • If N=3, then efficiency is 33% so on.

  • Fault Tolerance : N-1 nodes can be lost without loss of data. For example,

    • If N=2, then atmost 1 node can be lost without data loss.

    • If N=3, then atmost 2 nodes can be lost without data loss and so on.

Erasure Coding

  • Slices an object into k data fragments and computes m parity fragments. The erasure coding scheme gaurentees that data can be recreated using any k fragments out of k+m fragments.

  • The k + m = n fragments are spread across (>=n) Storage Nodes to offer durability.

  • Since k out of n fragments (could be parity or could be data fragments) are needed for recreation of data, at most m fragments can be lost without loss of data.

  • The smallest possible count is k = 2, m = 1 i.e., n = k + m = 3. This works only if there are at least n = 3 storage nodes.

  • Storage efficiency: k/(k+m) * 100 percentage. For example,

    • If k=2, m=1, then efficiency is 67%

    • If k=3, m=1, then efficiency is 75% and so on.

  • Fault Tolerance: m nodes can be lost without loss of data. For example:

    • If k=3, m=1 then atmost 1 out of 4 nodes can be lost without data loss.

    • If k=4, m=2 then atmost 2 out of 6 nodes can be lost without data loss and so on.

The default configuration creates a CephCluster that creates 4 x PersistentVolumeClaims of 40G each, resulting in 160G of raw storage. Erasure coding ensures durability with k=3 data bits and m=1 parity bits. This gives a storage efficiency of 75% (refer to the primer above for calculation), which means 120G of disk space is available for consumption by services like grafana-loki, project-grafana-loki, and velero.

It is possible to override replication strategy for logging stack (grafana-loki) and velero backups. Refer to the default configmap for the CephObjectStore at services/rook-ceph-cluster/1.10.3/defaults/cm.yaml#L126-L175 and override the replication strategy according to your needs by referring to CephObjectStore CRD documentation.

For more information about configuring storage in Rook Ceph, refer to the following pages:

See Also:

Rook Ceph in DKP - Prerequisites

Rook Ceph Dashboard

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